The seven missionaries were Montagu Harry Proctor Beauchamp, William Morton Cassells, Dixon Edward Hoste, Arthur T. Polehill-Turner, Cecil H. Polehill-Turner, Stanley P. Smith and Charles Thomas Studd (“C.T.”). Humanly speaking, it all began with the conversion of Smith in 1880, after he heard a sermon by visiting American evangelist Dwight L. Moody. He and a fellow Christian student witnessed to and prayed for the salvation of their friend Beauchamp, which occurred the following year. Both men were on the Cambridge rowing team, and, along with his brother, prayed for their teammate Dixon Hoste, who was also served as a commissioned officer in the British army. William Cassells was already a believer studying for the ministry and was also a rowing team member. Cecil Polehill-Turner, also an army officer and student at Cambridge, joined his brother Arthur to hear Moody preach on another occasion, and both were converted after a year-long spiritual struggle.