“Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise, exalt and honor the King of heaven, for all His works are true and His ways just, and He is able to humble those who walk in pride.” —Daniel 4:37
Theodosius Makes Christianity the Official Faith of the Roman Empire, February 27, 380 A.D.
lavius Theodosius was born in northwestern Spain to a high-ranking Roman Officer. As a young man he traveled with the army of his father on campaign in Britain and elsewhere, where he witnessed the slaughter of the battlefield and learned the strategies and tactics that brought victory. In 373 he was appointed governor of the Roman Province of Upper Moesia, which he defended successfully from the various Germanic invaders. Blond, elegant, articulate, and skilled in both governing and fighting, Theodosius nonetheless kept a low profile amidst the chaos of misrule and anarchy among the emperors and claimants to the Roman Empire. After the death of both co-rulers of the Empire, the sons of one of them invited Theodosius to take command of the Illyrian Army, effectively making him co-Augustus of the Eastern jurisdiction of the Empire. Theodosius became Emperor in the East in 383 and West in 394. He would be the last Roman Emperor to rule both halves together (with assistance from his sons), though only for four months.
Flavius Theodosius Augustus (347-395 A.D.), last emperor to rule over both the Eastern and the Western halves of the Roman Empire
The cohesion of the Roman Empire had proven precarious for many years and did not possess enough loyal Romans in the Army to hold it together. Theodosius, as the emperors before him, had to rely upon barbarian soldiers to fill the legions. Those non-Romans were often unreliable and rebellious, but were pitted against other Germanic tribes to keep the peace. Large sums were required to buy the fidelity, if not the patriotism, of the non-Romans who fought under the Roman banners. They were given land and provisions also. Theodosius levied heavy taxes in order to pay for such mercenary defenders of the Empire.
The Roman Empire circa 395 A.D.